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The Gospel Of The Resurrection

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Biblical Theology Seminar – Session 5

 

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In this video session, John Harrigan points out the immaterial resurrection of greek-based Christianity, gives a biblical survey of the resurrection, as well connecting the Holy Spirit with the resurrection.

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The content of this teaching’s notes are below with partial formatting. If you would like to see the notes with complete formatting,

Download “The Gospel of the Resurrection” Notes.

The Gospel of the Resurrection

INTRODUCTION: THE GREEK IMMATERIAL RESURRECTION

INTRODUCTION: THE GREEK IMMATERIAL RESURRECTION

Now, brothers, I want to remind you of the gospel I preached to you, which you received and on which you have taken your stand.  2 By this gospel you are saved… 3 For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,  4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures… (1 Corinthians 15:1-4 NIV)

Avoid godless chatter, because those who indulge in it will become more and more ungodly.  17 Their teaching will spread like gangrene. Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus,  18 who have wandered away from the truth. They say that the resurrection has already taken place, and they destroy the faith of some. (2 Timothy 2:16-18 NIV)

But if it is preached that Christ has been raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? … 14 if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith… 32 If the dead are not raised, “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.”  33 Do not be misled: “Bad company corrupts good character.”  34 Come back to your senses as you ought, and stop sinning; for there are some who are ignorant of God– I say this to your shame. (1 Corinthians 15:12-34 NIV)

“The early Christians hold firmly to a two-step belief about the future: first, death and whatever lies immediately beyond; second, a new bodily existence in a newly remade world… within early Christianity there is virtually no spectrum of belief about life beyond death… whereas the early Christians were drawn from many strands of Judaism and from widely differing  backgrounds within paganism, and hence from circles that must have held very different beliefs about life beyond death, they all modified that belief to focus on one point on the spectrum… We have plenty of evidence of debates about all sorts of things, and the virtual unanimity on resurrection stands out.  Only in the late second century, a good 150 years after the time of Jesus, do we find people using the word resurrection to mean something quite different from what is meant in Judaism and early Christianity, namely, a spiritual experience in the present leading to a disembodied hope in the future.  For almost all of the first two centuries, resurrection in the traditional sense holds not just center stage but the whole stage.”[1]

 


[1] N.T. Wright, Surprised by Hope: Rethinking Heaven, the Resurrection, and the Mission of the Church (New York: HarperOne, 2008), 41-42.

BIBLICAL SURVEY OF RESURRECTION HOPE

BIBLICAL SURVEY OF RESURRECTION HOPE

  1. Genesis of Resurrection Hope

So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.  28 God blessed them and said to them… (Genesis 1:27-28 NIV)

Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life… 19 By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.” (Genesis 3:17-19 NIV)

I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing.  3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” (Genesis 12:1-3)

  • The Scripture foresaw that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, and announced the gospel in advance to Abraham: “All nations will be blessed through you.”  9 So those who have faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith… 14 He redeemed us in order that the blessing given to Abraham might come to the Gentiles through Christ Jesus, so that by faith we might receive the promise of the Spirit. (Galatians 3:8-14 NIV)
  • Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled7 Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy8 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God10 Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:3-10 NIV)
  • And to the one who does not work but trusts him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness,  6 just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works:  7Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered;  8 blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not count his sin.” (cf. Ps. 32:1-2) (Romans 4:5-8 NIV)
  • Behold, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to everyone according to what he has done.  13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End.  14 Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city. (Revelation 22:12-14 NIV)
  1. Resurrection Hope in the Prophets

Keep me safe, O God, for in you I take refuge2 I said to the LORD, “You are my Lord; apart from you I have no good thing.” … 6 The boundary lines have fallen for me in pleasant places; surely I have a delightful inheritance8 I have set the LORD always before me. Because he is at my right hand, I will not be shaken.  9 Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices; my body also will rest secure10 because you will not abandon me to the grave, nor will you let your Holy One see decay.  11 You have made known to me the path of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence, with eternal pleasures at your right hand. (Psalm 16:1-11 NIV)

On this mountain he will destroy the shroud that enfolds all peoples, the sheet that covers all nations;  8 he will swallow up death forever. The Sovereign LORD will wipe away the tears from all faces; he will remove the disgrace of his people from all the earth… 9 In that day they will say, “Surely this is our God; we trusted in him, and he saved us. This is the LORD, we trusted in him; let us rejoice and be glad in his salvation.” (Isaiah 25:7-9 NIV)

As a woman with child and about to give birth writhes and cries out in her pain, so were we in your presence, O LORD.  18 We were with child, we writhed in pain, but we gave birth to wind. We have not brought salvation to the earth; we have not given birth to people of the world.  19 But your dead will live; their bodies will rise. You who dwell in the dust, wake up and shout for joy. Your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead. (Isaiah 26:17-19 NIV)

Strengthen the feeble hands, steady the knees that give way;  4 say to those with fearful hearts, “Be strong, do not fear; your God will come, he will come with vengeance; with divine retribution he will come to save you.”  5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped;  6 then shall the lame man leap like a deer, and the tongue of the mute sing for joy… 8 And a highway will be there; it will be called the Way of Holiness. The unclean will not journey on it… 9 But only the redeemed will walk there,  10 and the ransomed of the LORD will return. They will enter Zion with singing; everlasting joy will crown their heads. Gladness and joy will overtake them, and sorrow and sighing will flee away. (Isaiah 35:3-10 NIV)

Come, all you who are thirsty, come to the waters; and you who have no money, come, buy and eat! … 3 Give ear and come to me; hear me, that your soul may live. I will make an everlasting covenant with you, my faithful love promised to David… 10 As the rain and the snow come down from heaven, and do not return to it without watering the earth and making it bud and flourish11 so is my word that goes out from my mouth: It will not return to me empty, but will accomplish what I desire and achieve the purpose for which I sent it.  12 You will go out in joy and be led forth in peace; the mountains and hills will burst into song before you, and all the trees of the field will clap their hands… 13 This will be for the LORD’s renown, for an everlasting sign, which will not be destroyed. (Isaiah 55:1-13 NIV)

The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to preach good news to the poor… 2 to proclaim the year of the LORD’s favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn… 6 And you will be called priests of the LORD, you will be named ministers of our God… 7 Instead of their shame my people will receive a double portion, and instead of disgrace they will rejoice in their inheritance; and so they will inherit a double portion in their land, and everlasting joy will be theirs8 For I, the LORD, love justice; I hate robbery and iniquity. In my faithfulness I will reward them and make an everlasting covenant with them. (Isaiah 61:1-8 NIV)

Behold, I will create new heavens and a new earth. The former things will not be remembered, nor will they come to mind.  18 But be glad and rejoice forever in what I will create, for I will create Jerusalem to be a delight and its people a joy19 I will rejoice over Jerusalem and take delight in my people; the sound of weeping and of crying will be heard in it no more. (Isaiah 65:17-19 NIV)

  1. New Testament Continuance of Resurrection Hope
    1. Perseverance and Rejoicing in the Resurrection

Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,  4 and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil or fade— kept in heaven for you,  5 who through faith are shielded by God’s power until the coming of the salvation that is ready to be revealed in the last time.  6 In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials… 8 Though you have not seen him, you love him; and even though you do not see him now, you believe in him and are filled with an inexpressible and glorious joy9 for you are receiving the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls. (1 Peter 1:3-9 NIV)

Dear friends, do not be surprised at the painful trial you are suffering, as though something strange were happening to you.  13 But rejoice that you participate in the sufferings of Christ, so that you may be overjoyed when his glory is revealed14 If you are insulted because of the name of Christ, you are blessed, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you. (1 Peter 4:12-14 NIV)

But our citizenship is in heaven. And we eagerly await a Savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ,  21 who, by the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like his glorious body4:1 Therefore, my brothers, you whom I love and long for, my joy and crown, that is how you should stand firm in the Lord, dear friends… 3 whose names are in the book of life4 Rejoice in the Lord always. I will say it again: Rejoice!  5 Let your gentleness be evident to all. The Lord is near. (Philippians 3:20-4:5 NIV)

Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,  2 through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. And we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God3 Not only so, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance;  4 perseverance, character; and character, hope. (Romans 5:1-4 NIV)

Now I rejoice in what was suffered for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is the church… 27 To them God has chosen to make known among the Gentiles the glorious riches of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory28 We proclaim him, admonishing and teaching everyone with all wisdom, so that we may present everyone perfect in Christ. (Colossians 1:24-28 NIV)

Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds,  3 because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance… 12 Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial, because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love him. (James 1:2-12 NIV)

Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy set before him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.  3 Consider him who endured such opposition from sinful men, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart. (Hebrews 12:2-3 NIV)

  1. The Resurrection as the Anchor of Faith

…that is, the word of faith we are proclaiming:  9 That if you confess with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved… 12 For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile– the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him,  13 for, “Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.” (cf. Joel 2:32) (Romans 10:8-13 NIV)

If then you have been raised with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God.  2 Set your minds on things that are above, not on things that are on earth.  3 For you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God.  4 When Christ who is your life appears, then you also will appear with him in glory. (Colossians 3:1-4)

For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.  53 For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality.  54 When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.” (cf. Is. 25:8) (1 Corinthians 15:52-54 NIV)

We believe that Jesus died and rose again and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first17 After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. (1 Thessalonians 4:14-17 NIV)

  1. Jesus as the Firstborn of the Resurrection

I am saying nothing beyond what the prophets and Moses said would happen–  23 that the Christ would suffer and, as the first to rise from the dead, would proclaim light to his own people and to the Gentiles. (Acts 26:22-23 NIV)

But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep… 22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.  23 But each in his own turn: Christ, the firstfruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him. (1 Corinthians 15:20-23 NIV)

Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come, and from the seven spirits before his throne,  5 and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. (Revelation 1:4-5 NIV)

THE HOLY SPIRIT AND THE RESURRECTION

THE HOLY SPIRIT AND THE RESURRECTION

  1. Miracles as Signs of the Resurrection

This salvation, which was first announced by the Lord, was confirmed to us by those who heard him.  4 God also testified to it by signs, wonders and various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed according to his will.  5 It is not to angels that he has subjected the world to come, about which we are speaking… (Hebrews 2:3-8 NIV)

It is impossible for those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, who have shared in the Holy Spirit5 who have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the powers of the coming age6 if they fall away, to be brought back to repentance… (Hebrews 6:4-6 NIV)

  • And he said to them, “Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation.  16 Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.  17 And these signs will accompany those who believe: in my name they will cast out demons; they will speak in new tongues;  18 they will pick up serpents with their hands; and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not hurt them; they will lay their hands on the sick, and they will recover.” … 20 And they went out and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them and confirmed the message by accompanying signs. (Mark 16:15-20)
  • Now when John in prison heard of the works of Christ, he sent word by his disciples,  3 and said to Him, “Are You the Expected One, or shall we look for someone else?”  4 And Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and report to John what you hear and see5 the blind receive sight and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them.” (Matthew 11:2-6 NASB)
  • Then they brought him a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute, and Jesus healed him, so that he could both talk and see.  23 All the people were astonished and said, “Could this be the Son of David?” (Matthew 12:22-23 NIV)
  • So they gathered them up and filled twelve baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves, left by those who had eaten.  14 When the people saw the sign that he had done, they said, “This is indeed the Prophet who is to come into the world!” (John 6:13-14)
  • When I came to you, brothers, I did not come with eloquence or superior wisdom as I proclaimed to you the testimony about God4 My message and my preaching were not with wise and persuasive words, but with a demonstration of the Spirit’s power5 so that your faith might not rest on men’s wisdom, but on God’s power. (1 Corinthians 2:1-5 NIV)
  • We did not follow cleverly invented stories when we told you about the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty… 18 We ourselves heard this voice that came from heaven when we were with him on the sacred mountain.  19 And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns… (2 Pe. 1:16-19 NIV)
  1. The Holy Spirit as the Deposit of the Resurrection

If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you… 16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,  17 and if children, then heirs- heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ19 For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God… 23 And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies24 For in this hope we were saved. (Romans 8:11-24)

In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit,  14 who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory. (Ephesians 1:11-14)

For we know that if our earthly house, this tent, is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens… 4 For we who are in this tent groan, being burdened, not because we want to be unclothed, but further clothed, that mortality may be swallowed up by life.  5 Now He who has prepared us for this very thing is God, who also has given us the Spirit as a guarantee. (2 Corinthians 5:1-5 NKJV)

For no matter how many promises God has made, they are “Yes” in Christ. And so through him the “Amen” is spoken by us to the glory of God.  21 Now it is God who makes both us and you stand firm in Christ. He anointed us,  22 set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come. (2 Corinthians 1:20-22 NIV)

  1. The Holy Spirit Testifies to Christ Crucified

He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one whom God appointed as judge of the living and the dead.  43 All the prophets testify about him that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name.”  44 While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit came on all who heard the message. (Acts 10:42-44 NIV)

At Iconium Paul and Barnabas went as usual into the Jewish synagogue. There they spoke so effectively that a great number of Jews and Gentiles believed… 3 So Paul and Barnabas spent considerable time there, speaking boldly for the Lord, who confirmed the message of his grace by enabling them to do miraculous signs and wonders. (Acts 14:1-3 NIV)

For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel– not with words of human wisdom, lest the cross of Christ be emptied of its power18 For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God2:2 For I resolved to know nothing while I was with you except Jesus Christ and him crucified3 I came to you in weakness and fear, and with much trembling.  4 My message and my preaching were not with wise and persuasive words, but with a demonstration of the Spirit’s power5 so that your faith might not rest on men’s wisdom, but on God’s power. (1 Corinthians 1:17-2:5 NIV)

In love he predestined us to be adopted as his sons through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will–  6 to the praise of his glorious grace, which he has freely given us in the One he loves.  7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace  8 that he lavished on us with all wisdom and understanding.  9 And he made known to us the mystery of his will… (Ephesians 1:5-9 NIV)

  1. The Holy Spirit Leads Believers to Crucifixion

Remember the words I spoke to you: ‘No servant is greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, they will persecute you also25 But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated me without reason.’  26 When the Counselor comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father, he will testify about me27 And you also must testify, for you have been with me from the beginning. 16:1 All this I have told you so that you will not go astray.  2 They will put you out of the synagogue… (John 15:20-16:2 NIV)

I only know that in every city the Holy Spirit warns me that prison and hardships are facing me24 However, I consider my life worth nothing to me, if only I may finish the race and complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me– the task of testifying to the gospel of God’s grace. (Acts 20:23-24 NIV)

 

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John John (119 Posts)

John lives in Columbia, SC with his wife, Lydia, and four children. He travels and teaches on the Cross, the return of Jesus, and the Great Commission.


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