WHAT IS THE HOPE OF ISRAEL?
A. The Old Testament and New Testament need to be understood as one whole unit. The Old Testament contains Law and Gospel, and the New Testament contains Law and Gospel. What changes from the Old Covenant(testament) to the New Covenant(testament) is not God, but rather us his people, are changed from glory to glory by the Holy Spirit because of Jesus blood. Now that the Messiah has been raised from the dead, our hope is in God’s ability to raise us up with Jesus. This ‘Blessed hope’ Titus 2:13, is the ‘transformation of our lowly body’ Philippians 3:20-21. So we ‘…hope for what we do not see’ Romans 8:23-25, ‘through the Spirit by faith…’ Galatians 5:5.
- When Paul references ‘the hope of Israel’ Acts 23:6, 24:15, 26:6, he had in mind what the Prophets had declared. Isaiah 26:18-19, Ezekiel 37:11-14, Daniel 12:2
B. The Hope of Israel has to do with the promises given to the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; as well as David.
- Exodus 3:13-15, Psalm 105:8-12, Micah 7:14-20
- The hope and restoration of Israel was prophesied to come about from the midst of great trouble for the people of Jacob. Jeremiah 29-33:9, Zephaniah 3:12-20
- Peter preaches to the Jews about the restoration Acts 3:11-26.
C. The Hope of Israel includes a people forgiven their failure of their part of the covenant being restored to their land, with their temple restored, and they with their King ruling the entire earth Daniel 7:18, in glorified bodies forever from Jerusalem. This will come about ‘when their strength is gone’ Deuteronomy 32:36 and the ‘power of the holy people is shattered’ Daniel 12:7. At that time ‘the Son of Man will sit on His glorious throne with His twelve disciples on thrones as well.’ Matthew 19:28
- The Seed- of Genesis 3:15, can be traced to Abraham in Genesis 17:7-8, to Isaac, and then to Jacob who became Israel, from whom came the twelve tribes, given to the same people of Israel as an ‘everlasting covenant.’ Jesus is the Seed according to Galatians 3:16.
- The Land- the giving of it was an unconditional promise to Abraham. Genesis 12:1, 13:14-17, 15:12-21 Staying in the Land has been the struggle for Israel ever since she has been a nation. Yet her inheritance of this Land is a promise that God has given. This is the hope of Israel. Psalm 42, 85, 126 (Psalm of ascent)
- The Throne- In David and his seed we see a meshing of the promise of the throne, the Land, the everlasting covenant, the people of Israel, and the Messiah 2 Samuel 7:12-13, Isaiah 9:7, 16:5, 55:1-5, Hosea 3:5, Amos 9:11
- In the next session we will see ourselves, the Gentiles as fellow-heirs with Israel.