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Hope And Righteousness

Hope And Righteousness

Gospel of Christ Crucified Seminar – Session 2

 

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The Messiah is directly connected to Biblical hope and righteousness. This session defines why they are connected.

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< 1 WORLDVIEW AND THEOLOGY                      3 RESPONSE AND DISCIPLESHIP >

 

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Hope And Righteousness

THE MESSIANIC HOPE WITHIN A RESTORED CREATION THEOLOGY

THE MESSIANIC HOPE WITHIN A RESTORED CREATION THEOLOGY

A.    The Genesis of Messianic Hope

So the LORD God said to the serpent… 15 “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring (Hb. zera, “seed” KJV/NKJV/NASB) and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.” … 17 To Adam he said… 19 “By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.” (NIV Genesis 3:14-19)

And he made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ,  10 to be put into effect (Gk. oikonomia) when the times will have reached their fulfillment– to bring all things in heaven and on earth together under one head (Gk. anakephalaiomai), even Christ. (NIV Ephesians 1:9-10)

For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man.  22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.  23 But each in his own turn: Christ, the first-fruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him.  24 Then the end will come, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power.  25 For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet26 The last enemy to be destroyed is death.  27 For he “has put everything under his feet.” (cf. Ps. 8:6) (NIV 1 Corinthians 15:21-27)

B.    The Abrahamic Messianic Hope

As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.  5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed (Hb. zera) after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. (KJV Genesis 17:4-7)

  • The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “All the nations will be blessed in you.”  9 So then those who are of faith are blessed with Abraham, the believer… 16 Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as referring to many, but rather to one, “And to your seed,” that is, Christ. (NASB Galatians 3:8-16)
  • It was not through law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world, but through the righteousness that comes by faith… 16 Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace and may be guaranteed to all Abraham’s offspring… He is the father of us all.  17 As it is written: “I have made you a father of many nations.” (cf. Gen. 17:5)  He is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believed– the God who gives life to the dead and calls things that are not as though they were. (NIV Romans 4:13-17)

C.   The Davidic Messianic Hope

And it shall be, when your days are fulfilled, when you must go to be with your fathers, that I will set up your seed (Hb. zera) after you, who will be of your sons; and I will establish his kingdom.  12 He shall build Me a house, and I will establish his throne forever13 I will be his Father, and he shall be My son; and I will not take My mercy away from him, as I took it from him who was before you.  14 And I will establish him in My house and in My kingdom forever; and his throne shall be established forever. (NKJV 1 Chronicles 17:11-14)

  • The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the LORD and against his Anointed One5 Then he rebukes them in his anger and terrifies them in his wrath, saying,  6I have installed my King on Zion, my holy hill.”  7 I will proclaim the decree of the LORD: He said to me, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father8 Ask of me, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession.” (NIV Psalm 2:2-9)
  • The LORD (Hb. YHVH) says to my Lord (Hb. adonay): “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstoolfor your feet.”  2 The LORD (Hb. YHVH) will extend your (cf. adonay) mighty scepter from Zion; you (cf. adonay) will rule in the midst of your enemies… 5 The Lord (Hb. adonay) is at your (cf. YHVH) right hand; he (cf. adonay) will crush kings on the day of his wrath6 He (cf. adonay) will judge the nations, heaping up the dead and crushing the rulers of the whole earth. (NIV Psalm 110:1-6)
  • For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.  7 Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. (ESV Isaiah 9:6-7)
  • A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.  2 The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him… 4 He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked5 Righteousness will be his belt and faithfulness the sash around his waist… 9 They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.  10 In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his place of rest will be glorious. (NIV Isaiah 11:1-10)

D.   The Messiah as the Arm of the Lord (cf. Is. 30:30; 40:10; 51:5; 52:10; 53:1; 59:16; 63:5)

Even after Jesus had done all these miraculous signs in their presence, they still would not believe in him.  38 This was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet: “Lord, who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” … 44 Then Jesus cried out, “When a man believes in me, he does not believe in me only, but in the one who sent me.  45 When he looks at me, he sees the one who sent me. (NIV John 12:37-45)

How beautiful on the mountains are the feet of those who bring good news, who proclaim peace, who bring good tidings, who proclaim salvation, who say to Zion, “Your God reigns!” … 9 Burst into songs of joy together, you ruins of Jerusalem, for the LORD has comforted his people, he has redeemed Jerusalem.  10 The LORD will lay bare his holy arm in the sight of all the nations, and all the ends of the earth will see the salvation of our God… 13 See, my servant will act wisely; he will be raised and lifted up and highly exalted… 15 so will he sprinkle many nations, and kings will shut their mouths because of him. For what they were not told, they will see, and what they have not heard, they will understand. 53:1 Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed2 He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him. (NIV Isaiah 52:7-53:2)

Diagram1-Restored-Creation-Theology

  • The LORD will cause men to hear his majestic voice and will make them see his arm coming down with raging anger and consuming fire, with cloudburst, thunderstorm and hail… 32 Every stroke the LORD lays on them with his punishing rod will be to the music of tambourines and harps, as he fights them in battle with the blows of his arm33 Topheth (i.e. Valley of Ben Hinnom, cf. 2 Ki. 23:10; Jer. 7:31f; 19:6) has long been prepared; it has been made ready for the king. Its fire pit has been made deep and wide, with an abundance of fire and wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of burning sulfur, sets it ablaze. (NIV Isaiah 30:30-33)
  • You who bring good tidings to Zion, go up on a high mountain. You who bring good tidings to Jerusalem, lift up your voice with a shout, lift it up, do not be afraid; say to the towns of Judah, “Here is your God!”  10 See, the Sovereign LORD comes with power, and his arm rules for him. See, his reward is with him, and his recompense accompanies him. (NIV Isaiah 40:9-10)

I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does… 21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he is pleased to give it.  22 Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son23 that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father… 28 Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice  29 and come out– those who have done good will rise to live, and those who have done evil will rise to be condemned. (NIV John 5:19-29)

  • He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one whom God appointed as judge of the living and the dead43 All the prophets testify about him that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name.” (NIV Acts 10:34-43)
  • In the past God overlooked such ignorance, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent.  31 For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice by the man he has appointed. He has given proof of this to all men by raising him from the dead. (NIV Acts 17:29-31)
  • Therefore you do not lack any spiritual gift as you eagerly wait for our Lord Jesus Christ to be revealed8 He will keep you strong to the end, so that you will be blameless on the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. (NIV 1 Corinthians 1:7-8)

E.    The Glory of the Messianic Kingdom

Diagram2-Centrality-Of-Messiah

Endow the king with your justice, O God, the royal son with your righteousness… 8 He will rule from sea to sea and from the River to the ends of the earth17 May his name endure forever; may it continue as long as the sun. All nations will be blessed through him, and they will call him blessed.  18 Praise be to the LORD God, the God of Israel, who alone does marvelous deeds.  19 Praise be to his glorious name forever; may the whole earth be filled with his glory. (NIV Psalm 72:1-19)

In the last days the mountain of the LORD’s temple will be established as chief among the mountains; it will be raised above the hills, and all nations will stream to it3 Many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.” The law will go out from Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem4 He will judge between the nations and will settle disputes for many peoples. (NIV Isaiah 2:2-4)

In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. 14 He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed. (NIV Daniel 7:13)

Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey… 10 He will proclaim peace to the nations. His rule will extend from sea to sea and from the River to the ends of the earth. (NIV Zechariah 9:9-10)

  • But the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God.  31 You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus.  32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end.”( NIV Luke 1:30-33)
  • When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory32 All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. (NIV Matthew 25:31-32)
  • Then the seventh angel sounded: and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!” (NKJV Revelation 11:15)

F.    The Suffering of Christ Before the Glory of Christ

How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken!  26 Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?”  27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. (NIV Luke 24:25-27)

Concerning this salvation, the prophets, who spoke of the grace that was to come to you, searched intently and with the greatest care,  11 trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow13 Therefore, prepare your minds for action; be self-controlled; set your hope fully on the grace to be given you when Jesus Christ is revealed. (NIV 1 Peter 1:10-13)

THE ISSUE OF RIGHTEOUSNESS

THE ISSUE OF RIGHTEOUSNESS

A.    Right Hope, Wrong Righteousness

I believe everything that agrees with the Law and that is written in the Prophets,  15 and I have the same hope in God as these men, that there will be a resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked.  16 So I strive always to keep my conscience clear before God and man. (NIV Acts 24:14-16)

What then shall we say? That the Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have obtained it, a righteousness that is by faith;  31 but Israel, who pursued a law of righteousness, has not attained it.  32 Why not? Because they pursued it not by faith but as if it were by works2 I can testify about them that they are zealous for God, but their zeal is not based on knowledge.  3 Since they did not know the righteousness that comes from God and sought to establish their own, they did not submit to God’s righteousness. (NIV Romans 9:30-10:3)

B.    The Universal Wickedness of Man

What shall we conclude then? Are we any better? Not at all! We have already made the charge that Jews and Gentiles alike are all under sin10 As it is written: “There is no one righteous, not even one;  11 there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God.  12 All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one.” (cf. Ps. 14:1-3; 53:1-3)  13 “Their throats are open graves; their tongues practice deceit.” (cf. Ps. 5:9) “The poison of vipers is on their lips.” (cf. Ps. 140:3)  14 “Their mouths are full of cursing and bitterness.” (cf. Ps. 10:7)  15 “Their feet are swift to shed blood;  16 ruin and misery mark their ways,  17 and the way of peace they do not know.” (cf. Ps. 59:7-8)  18 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.” (cf. Ps. 36:1)  19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God. (NIV Romans 3:9-19)

Is the law, therefore, opposed to the promises of God? Absolutely not! For if a law had been given that could impart life, then righteousness would certainly have come by the law.  22 But the Scripture declares that the whole world is a prisoner of sin, so that what was promised, being given through faith in Jesus Christ, might be given to those who believe. (NIV Galatians 3:21-22)

C.   The Universal Salvation of God

But now a righteousness from God, apart from law, has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify.  22 This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference,  23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God24 and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.  25 God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood… 29 Is God the God of Jews only? Is he not the God of Gentiles too? Yes, of Gentiles too,  30 since there is only one God, who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through that same faith. (NIV Romans 3:21-30)

For Christ’s love compels us, because we are convinced that one died for all, and therefore all died… 20 We are therefore Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were making his appeal through us. We implore you on Christ’s behalf: Be reconciled to God.  21 God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. (NIV 2 Corinthians 5:14-21)

You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slain, and with your blood you purchased men for God from every tribe and language and people and nation.  10 You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to serve our God, and they will reign on the earth. (NIV Revelation 5:9-10)

D.   The Message of the Cross

For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. (NIV John 3:16)

You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly7 Very rarely will anyone die for a righteous man, though for a good man someone might possibly dare to die.  8 But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us9 Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him! (NIV Romans 5:6-9)

This is how God showed his love among us: He sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him.  10 This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins. (NIV 1 John 4:9-10)

 Diagram3-Message-Of-The-Cross

E.    The Contention of the Cross

Some men came down from Judea to Antioch and were teaching the brothers: “Unless you are circumcised, according to the custom taught by Moses, you cannot be saved.”  2 This brought Paul and Barnabas into sharp dispute and debate with them. (NIV Acts 15:1-2)

When Peter came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he was clearly in the wrong.  12 Before certain men came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision group. (NIV Galatians 2:11-12)

Beware of the dogs, beware of the evil workers, beware of the false circumcision3 for we are the true circumcision, who worship in the Spirit of God and glory in Christ Jesus and put no confidence in the flesh… 18 For many walk, of whom I often told you, and now tell you even weeping, that they are enemies of the cross of Christ19 whose end is destruction, whose god is their appetite, and whose glory is in their shame, who set their minds on earthly things. (NASB Philippians 3:2-19)

For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith– and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God–  9 not by works, so that no one can boast… 11 Therefore, remember that formerly you who are Gentiles by birth and called “uncircumcised” by those who call themselves “the circumcision” (that done in the body by the hands of men)… (NIV Ephesians 2:8-11)

 

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John John (119 Posts)

John lives in Columbia, SC with his wife, Lydia, and four children. He travels and teaches on the Cross, the return of Jesus, and the Great Commission.


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