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Israel’s Salvation At The End Of The Age

Israel’s Salvation At The End Of The Age

Israel, the Cross, and the End of the Age – Session 2



This session examines the “logic of election” and the big picture of how God has, is, and will administrate His promises to Abraham concerning the nation of Israel, with a particular focus on the end of the age.



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Israel’s Salvation At The End Of The Age



A.             God promised that He would make Abraham into a great and mighty nation (Gen. 12:2). The Scriptures are clear that this means the nation of Israel (Gen. 46:3), contra the Gentile nations. “Great” includes not only quantity, but quality (Deut. 4:6-8). It also means fame, renown, and honor from God (Deut. 26:16-19). (A nation can only receive renown from God, if it is like God).

B.            God promised that He would bless Abraham and make his name great, so that he would be a blessing (12:2; 22:17).

C.            God promised that He would bless those who bless Abraham (Gen. 12:3).

D.             God promised that He would curse the one who “dishonors” (ESV) Abraham (“treats you lightly” (NET), “curses you” (NIV, NASB, RSV, NRSV), “treats you with contempt” (HCSB)) (Gen. 12:3).

E.             God promised that in Abraham and in (or through) his seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed (Gen. 12:3; 18:18; 22:18; 26:4; 28:14).

  1. In the promise, God intentionally uses a Hebrew noun that takes the same form in the singular and the plural. Like the English words “deer,” “sheep,” or “fish,” “seed” (Heb. zera; LXX sperma) can refer either to a singular seed or to many seeds. In this case, language and grammar reflect and correspond to the actual nature of seed, which, according to design (Gen. 1), inherently possesses the capacity to go from one to many, i.e. to multiply and reproduce that of its own kind.

F.             God promised that He would also make Abraham into nations (goyiim), and that kings would come from him (Gen. 17:6; 28:3; 35:11).

11 And God said to him (Jacob), “I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. A nation (Heb. goy; LXX ethne) and a company (Heb. qaahal; LXX sunagogai, assemblies, gatherings) of nations (Heb. goyiim; LXX ethnos) shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body. (ESVGen. 35:11)

  1. Interesting to note that God also promised Sarah that she would become nations (goyiim), and that kings of peoples would come from her (Gen. 17:15-16). Unlike Abraham, Sarah had no other sons.

G.            God promised that He would multiply Abraham’s seed. God would make Abraham’s seed numerous, uncountable, as the dust of the earth, as the stars. This multiplication would occur in context both to the great nation and the assembly of nations (Gen. 13:16; 15:5; 17:2; 22:17; 26:4, 24; 28:3, 14; 32:12).

H.            God promised that he would make Abraham (“I have made” –cf. Rom. 4) the father of a multitude of nations (goyiim) (Gen. 17:4-5; 28:3; 35:11). In Scripture, father isn’t only used in the sense of progenitor or ancestor. Sometimes the term is used more with connotations of rule, authority, leadership, government, mentorship, example, etc. (e.g. Gen. 45:8; Judg. 17:10; 2 Ki. 2:12, 13:14).

I.               God promised that He would bring forth an heir from Abraham’s own body and from Sarah’s own womb, by His power (Gen. 15:4, 18:10)—thereby precluding any boasting on Abraham’s part. It was through Isaac, the child of promise, that Abraham’s seed would be named (Gen. 21:12; cf. Rom. 9:7, Heb. 11:18).

J.              God promised that He would give Abraham and his seed “this land” forever, as an everlasting possession—the land “that you see,” the land that goes from “the Wadi in Egypt to the great river Euphrates,” the “land of Canaan,” the “land of your sojourning,” “these lands,” “the land on which you [Jacob] lie” (Gen. 12:7; 13:15-17; 15:7, 17-21; 24:7-8; 26:3-4; 28:4, 13; 35:12).

  1. Abraham himself would possess the land. This implies bodily resurrection! (Gen. 15:7-11; cf. Rom. 4, Heb. 6). How would feel if you knew that the promise of your own resurrection, was bound to the birth of your own child from a barren womb? “If God doesn’t’ give me a kid, I will never see the land of the living again.”

4 Then he went out from the land of the Chaldeans and lived in Haran. And after his father died, God removed him from there into this land in which you are now living. 5 Yet he gave him no inheritance in it, not even a foot’s length, but promised to give it to him as a possession and to his offspring (Grk. to spermati autou – to his seed) after him, though he had no child. (ESVAc. 7:4-5)

K.             God promised that Abraham’s reward would be great (Gen. 15:1).

L.             God promised to establish His covenant as an everlasting covenant between Abraham and his seed, to be God to you and your seed (Gen. 17:7-8, 19, 21). Central to the idea of covenant is the question “Who do I belong to?”

M.             God promised that Abraham’s seed would “possess the gate of” his/their enemies. (Gen. 22:17; 28:3; cf. Gen. 14).Through God’s blessing, Abraham’s seed would be enabled to take possession of the land of their sojournings (Gen. 28:3). 



A.             If we want to understand God’s dealings with the nation of Israel, we must understand the Bible’s “logic of covenantal election.” This can be summed up as: “God is doing something with me/us now, because of something He promised to someone else at a prior point in time.”

37 Because He loved your fathers, therefore He chose their descendants (Lit. his seed) after them. And He personally (Lit. with His presence) brought you from Egypt by His great power, 38 driving out from before you nations greater and mightier than you, to bring you in and to give you their land for an inheritance, as it is today. (NASBDeut. 4:37-38)

14 “Behold, to the Lord your God belong heaven and the highest heavens, the earth and all that is in it. 15 Yet on your fathers did the Lord set His affection to love them, and He chose their descendants (Lit. seed) after them, even you above all peoples, as it is this day. (NASBDeut. 10:14-15)

2 “I have loved you,” says the Lord. “But you ask, ‘How have you loved us?’ “Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?” the Lord says. “Yet I have loved (i.e. chosen and married, unto continued preservation and deliverance) Jacob, 3 but Esau I have hated (rejected, i.e. not married, not chosen), and I have turned his mountains into a wasteland and left his inheritance to the desert jackals.” (NIVMal. 1:2-3)

28 As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies on your account; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs, 29 for God’s gifts and his call (to Israel, based on the Abrahamic promises) are irrevocable  (otherwise, God would be a liar).(NIVRom. 11:28-29)

B.            God’s dealings with Israel, therefore, are first and foremost (though not only) based on the promises of the Abrahamic covenant. For example, the Exodus occurred on the basis of the Abrahamic promises. In the Exodus, the Israelites were freely reaping the benefits of Abraham’s love for and obedience to God.

9 Know therefore that the Lord your God is God, the faithful God who keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments (e.g. Abraham, David), to a thousand generations (ESVDeut. 7:9)

15 And the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven 16 and said, “By myself I have sworn, declares the Lord, because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17 I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring (seed) as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring (seed) shall possess the gate of his (ESV note “or their” – the tension of collective singular) enemies (ESVGen. 22:15-17)

6 “For you are a people holy to the Lord your God. The Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for his treasured possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth. 7 It was not because you were more in number than any other people that the Lord set his love on you and chose you, for you were the fewest of all peoples, 8 but it is because the Lord loves you and is keeping the oath that he swore to your fathers, that the Lord has brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of slavery (an “election of grace,” cf. Rom. 11:5), from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. (ESVDeut. 7:6-8)

C.            Moses’ intercession and cry for mercy based on the Abrahamic covenant (Ex. 32:13; Deut. 9:27).

D.             The purpose of election: to remove all boasting before God. Intentionally designed by God to undermine boasting, pride, and self-exaltation. Israel’s very existence as a nation (the miraculous birth of Isaac, the Exodus, the conquest of Canaan, Israel’s preservation, etc.) undermines all grounds for boasting.

And not only this, but it was also by promise that Rebekah (who, like Sarah, was barren, cf. Gen. 25:21) conceived by one man, our father Isaac. For though the twins had not yet been born and had not done anything good or evil, in order that God’s express purpose in electionnot by works, but by the One who calls—might continue on, it was said to her, “the older will serve the younger.” Just as it has been written, “Jacob I chose, but Esau I rejected.” (AuthorRom. 9:10-13)

E.             Question: How would your heart respond if you knew that God was doing things with, through, and to you, on the basis of promises He made to someone else? How does your heart respond to the idea that God might choose one people instead of another? Another instead of your own?

F.             The very fact of election—God choosing one nation instead of another—strikes directly at the heart of humanity’s pride, envy, malice, and self-righteousness, because through it God shouts, “I am sovereign, and you are not. I am in charge, and you are not. I know what is best, and you don’t.” Israel’s existence and calling as a nation is a statement of who actually controls the universe.

G.            However, when we humble ourselves before God, His choice, and His right to choose, such humility is a sweet fragrance to Him, and He turns right around and exalts us and sings our praises!

11 For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.” (ESVLk. 14:11)

H.            The reason, therefore, that we resist God’s choice of Israel, is simple: pride, which manifests in envy and violence. This would be true regardless of whether God had chosen the Irish, or the Kenyans, or the Chinese.

I.                Is this only a Gentile problem? No! God confronts the same issue in Israel herself, by opening a door of faith and mercy to the Gentiles!

21 “Then the Lord said to me, ‘Go; I will send you far away to the Gentiles.’ ” 22 The crowd listened to Paul until he said this. Then they raised their voices and shouted, “Rid the earth of him! He’s not fit to live!” (NIVAc. 22:21-22)

J.               We all deserve the Lake of Fire.



A.             Abraham kept faith and walked in God’s ways all the days of his life. Because of this, the promises of the Abrahamic covenant are as sure to come to pass as the rising of the sun in the east.

4 I will make your offspring (seed) as numerous as the stars of the sky, I will give your offspring all these lands, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed by your offspring, 5 because Abraham listened to My voice and kept My mandate, My commands, My statutes, and My instructions.” (HCSBGen. 26:4-5)

9 Know therefore that the Lord your God is God, the faithful God who keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments, to a thousand generations (ESVDeut. 7:9)

B.            When Abraham’s seed comes out of Egypt, at Siani and then in Moab (Deut. 29:1), through Moses God commanded Israel to follow Abraham’s example of faith and obedience in order that they, too, might inherit the promises on a permanent and prolonged basis (Deut. 4:1, 4:40, 5:16, 5:29, 5:33, 6:2-3, 6:15, 6:18, 6:24-25, 7:6-12, 8:1, 8:19-20, 11:8-9, 11:13-17, 11:21, 11:22-23, 11:26-28, 12:28, 13:17-18, 15:4-5, 16:20, 17:19-20, 19:8-9, 25:15, 26:16-19, 27:15-26, 28:13-15, 28:58-59, 30:6, 30:15-20).

40 So you shall keep His statutes and His commandments which I am giving you today, that it may go well with you and with your children after you, and that you may live long (Lit. “prolong your days”) on the land which the Lord your God is giving you for all time.” (NASBDeut. 4:40)

so that you and your son and your grandson might fear the Lord your God, to keep all His statutes and His commandments which I command you, all the days of your life, and that your days may be prolonged. (NASBDeut. 6:2)

8 “You shall therefore keep every commandment which I am commanding you today, so that you may be strong and go in and possess the land into which you are about to cross to possess it; 9 so that you may prolong your days on the land which the Lord swore to your fathers to give to them and to their descendants (Lit. seed), a land flowing with milk and honey. (NASBDeut. 11:8-9)

9The Lord will establish you as a holy people to Himself, as He swore to you, if you keep the commandments of the Lord your God and walk in His ways. (NASBDeut. 28:9)

1“Listen to me, you who pursue righteousness, you who seek the Lord: look to the rock from which you were hewn, and to the quarry from which you were dug.  2 Look to Abraham your father and to Sarah who bore you; for he was but one when I called him, that I might bless him and multiply him. 3For the Lord comforts Zion; he comforts all her waste places and makes her wilderness like Eden, her desert like the garden of the Lord. (ESVIs. 51:1-3)

C.            Furthermore, it is the king who obeys and keeps the Law, whose kingdom is permitted to endure.

18 “And when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself in a book a copy of this law, approved by the Levitical priests. 19 And it shall be with him, and he shall read in it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the Lord his God by keeping all the words of this law and these statutes, and doing them, 20 that his heart may not be lifted up above his brothers, and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, either to the right hand or to the left, so that he may continue long in his kingdom, he and his children, in Israel. (ESVDeut. 17:18-20)

D.             King David, the prophets,  Jesus, and many if not most first century Jews understood “prolonged life” or “length of days” ultimately in terms of eternal life, i.e. prolonged life in the land of the living through bodily resurrection. Prolonged life ultimately only has real significance if it goes on forever! Likewise, the promise of a prolonged kingdom only has real significance that kingdom endures forever.

O Lord, the king rejoices in your strength. How great is his joy in the victories you give! 2You have granted him the desire of his heart and have not withheld the request of his lips.  3You welcomed him with rich blessings and placed a crown of pure gold on his head. 4He asked you for life, and you gave it to him— length of days, for ever and ever. 5Through the victories you gave, his glory is great; you have bestowed on him splendor and majesty. 6Surely you have granted him eternal blessings and made him glad with the joy of your presence. (NIVPs. 21:1-6)

13 I am still confident of this: I will see the goodness of the Lord in the land of the living. (NIVPs. 27:13)

35 Once for all, I have sworn by my holiness— and I will not lie to David— 36that his line will continue forever and his throne endure before me like the sun; 37it will be established forever like the moon, the faithful witness in the sky.” (NIVPs. 89:35-37)

19But your dead will live; their bodies will rise. You who dwell in the dust, wake up and shout for joy. Your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead. (NIVIs. 26:19)

16 And behold, a man came up to him, saying, “Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?” 17 And he said to him, “Why do you ask me about what is good? There is only one who is good. If you would enter life, keep the commandments.” (ESVMt. 19:16-17)

E.             When the nation “married” the God of their fathers in the covenant at Siani, in their “vows” they agreed that they would abide by the Law of their Husband.

After Moses came back, He summoned the elders of the people, and put before them all these words that the Lord had commanded him. 8 Then all the people responded together, “We will do all that the Lord has spoken.”  So Moses brought the people’s words back to the Lord. (HCSBEx. 19:7-8)

Moses came and told the people all the commands of the Lord and all the ordinances. Then all the people responded with a single voice, “We will do everything that the Lord has commanded.” (HCSBEx. 24:3)

F.             Moses tells Israel that if the nation failed to faithfully observe the Law and fulfill her vows, it would experience God’s curse. This included failure to faithfully keep the sacrificial stipulations (through neglect, or defiled offerings, or insincere repentance, etc.), which were the Law’s provision for mercy and forgiveness should the Law’s other stipulations be violated.

26 “See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse: 27 the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the Lord your God, which I command you today, 28 and the curse, if you do not obey the commandments of the Lord your God, but turn aside from the way that I am commanding you today, to go after other gods that you have not known. (ESVDeut. 11:26-28)

26 ‘Cursed is he who does not confirm the words of this law by doing them.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ (NASBDeut. 27:26)

G.            Most of the curses are spelled out in Leviticus 26 and Deut. 28. They are extremely intense, and are a statement about how much God loves righteousness and justice, and how jealous He is for a faithful Bride.

H.            Key question: Who qualifies for prolonged life in the land in God’s sight? At what point did God consider a Jew to have “kept” the Law? The Law included a broad range of stipulations that touched every area of life: land, farming, boundaries, government, diet, family, the appointed feasts, etc. It also set forth stipulations for mercy and forgiveness should the Law’s non-sacrificial stipulations be violated. That the sacrificial system itself is a part of the Law—and in fact is the antecedent aspect of the Law, because apart from it the Law’s other works are meaningless—by nature precludes an oversimplification of “keeping the Law” as “earning salvation by works” in a “dispensation of Law” (classical dispensationalism). For example, King David, the man after God’s own heart, did some massively sinful things (e.g. Bathsheba, Uriah, the census). However, here is God’s final statement over his life:

5 At Gibeon the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream by night…14 And if you will walk in my ways, keeping my statutes and my commandments, as your father David walked, then I will lengthen your days.” (ESV1Ki. 3:5, 14)

2 the Lord appeared to Solomon a second time, as he had appeared to him at Gibeon…4 And as for you, if you will walk before me, as David your father walked, with integrity of heart and uprightness, doing according to all that I have commanded you, and keeping my statutes and my rules (ESV1 Ki. 9:2-4)

2 And he (Josiah) did what was right in the eyes of the Lord and walked in all the way of David his father, and he did not turn aside to the right or to the left (cf. Deut. 5:32) (ESV2Ki. 22:2)

5 because David did what was right in the eyes of the Lord and did not turn aside from anything that he commanded him all the days of his life, except in the matter of Uriah the Hittite. (ESV1Ki. 15:4-5)

I.               The reason David could receive this testimony despite his great sins, is that repentance and faith in the sacrifice were at the very heart of the Law itself and were antecedent to, though inextricably joined with, obedience to the just ordinances of the Law. That said, even though God accepted David’s repentance, it occurred in context to sacrifices that by their very nature could not take truly take away sins sufficient for inheritance of the promises (Heb. 10:4). Therefore, even though he died in hope, he still died. The realization of his hope was tied to the work of the Messiah in the first and second comings.

Where, then, does this leave self-righteous boastfulness? It has been rendered a non-option. Through what sort of Law? One defined first in terms of its works? No, on the contrary, through a Law antecedently characterized by faith  (in sacrificial atonement)! For we hold that a man is acquitted by faith apart from works of the Law. Or is God the God of the Jews only? (AuthorRom.3:27-29)

J.              Though Israel has always had a righteous remnant, the majority of the nation has not followed David’s example. Because of that, when God sends judgment to the nation as a whole in fulfillment of the Deuteronomic curses, the righteous, even though they are often preserved or differentiated in some sense (e.g. Daniel, Jeremiah; Dan. 1, Jer. 39:11-14), also have to deal with the consequences of Israel’s national rebellion. In that sense, they share the curse of the nation, even if they don’t bear it eternally.



A.             The covenants were made with the Jewish people. As a Jew, Jesus was born into the stipulations and obligations of the Law.

21 And at the end of eight days, when he was circumcised (denoting entry into Israel’s covenant, cf. Gen. 17), he was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb. (ESVLk. 2:21)

9 Yet you brought me out of the womb; you made me trust in you even at my mother’s breast. 10 From birth I was cast upon you; from my mother’s womb you have been my God (because He was born into the people in covenant with the one true God, therefore he himself is born into the covenant with the one true God). (NIVPs. 22:9-10)

4 But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman (identification with Adam), born under the law (identification with Israel)…(ESVGal. 4:4)

B.            Of course, if David was in the end viewed by God as one who faithfully kept the Law according to its intended design, how much more Jesus? Jesus fulfilled the just standard of the Law perfectly in the Father’s sight, without ever needing to turn to Law’s provisions for mercy (since He never sinned). After making atonement, on the third day He received eternally prolonged life or “length of days” in His resurrection. His resurrection is the evidence that He is the rightful heir of the land and the kingdom—forever.

It is I who have glorified You in the land (or on the earth), for I have completed the work that You have given Me to do. So now You, Father, glorify Me beside Yourself with the glory that I had with You before the world existed. (AuthorJn. 17:4-5)

10 … our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel (ESV2Tim. 1:10)

C.            However, though Jesus has been raised to life, He still is not yet sitting on David’s throne in Jerusalem. He has not yet occupied and possessed the land and purged it of Israel’s enemies (cf. David). Instead, He is seated at the Father’s right hand (Ps. 110:1), waiting patiently and giving the peoples of the earth a window of mercy in which to repent and put their faith in the gospel. This also is happening on the basis of the Abrahamic promises. Jesus sent out His Jewish apostles to the nations to preach the gospel. When Gentiles repent and put their faith in Christ, they receive the blessing of the Spirit and “in Christ” become Abraham’s “seed” by faith (Rom. 4, Gal. 3). Israel is experiencing “a hardening in part” until the “fullness of the Gentiles commences (or comes in)” (Rom. 11:25). Paul tells us that God’s plan is to administer the New Covenant to the Jewish people in two main phases over time: initially, to a small believing remnant, who would take the gospel to the Gentiles; and then at the end of the age, just preceding and following the Messiah’s return (although there have been believing Jews throughout history).



A.             Moses prophesied that in “the latter days,” Israel would “return to the Lord” and “listen to His voice”:

25“When you become the father of children and children’s children and have remained long in the land, and act corruptly, and make an idol in the form of anything, and do that which is evil in the sight of the Lord your God so as to provoke Him to anger, 26I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that you will surely perish quickly from the land where you are going over the Jordan to possess it. You shall not live long (lit. prolong your days) on it, but will be utterly destroyed. 27The Lord will scatter you among the peoples, and you will be left few in number among the nations where the Lord drives you. 28There you will serve gods, the work of man’s hands, wood and stone, which neither see nor hear nor eat nor smell. 29But from there you will seek the Lord your God, and you will find Him if you search for Him with all your heart and all your soul. 30When you are in distress and all these things have come upon you, in the latter days you will return to the Lord your God and listen to His voice31For the Lord your God is a compassionate God; He will not fail you nor destroy you nor forget the covenant with your fathers which He swore to them. (NASBDeut. 4:25-31)

1 “So it shall be when all of these things have come upon you, the blessing and the curse which I have set before you, and you call them to mindin all nations where the Lord your God has banished you, 2 and you return to the Lord your God and obey Him (Lit. listen to His voice) with all your heart and soul according to all that I command you today, you and your sons (cf. Mal. 4:6, Deut. 24:16, Zech. 12:10-14) 3 then the Lord your God will restore you from captivity, and have compassion on you, and will gather you again from all the peoples where the Lord your God has scattered you. (NASBDeut. 30:1-3)

B.            The Deut. 28 curses will reach their climax and full expression at the end of the age. Two thousand of years of sin-debt, with no temple or means of atonement, have been building up. Some Jews will experience the effects of the covenant curse in context to exile among nations at the end of the age (Deut. 4:25-31, Deut. 30:1-3, Is. 11:11; Ezek. 20:35-38; Am. 9:9-10; Zech. 14:1-3). Others will experience it in the land itself 1:21-31, 29, 33, 40, 52, 59; Daniel 8, 9, 11:40-45, 12; Joel 2-3; Zephaniah 1:14-2:3; Zechariah 12-14; Ezekiel 38-39; Mal. 3; Matthew 24; Mark 13; Luke 17, 21; and 2 Thessalonians 2). Jerusalem will experience the culmination of Gentile rage as the Anti-Christ and his armies come against her.

1A day of the Lord is coming when your plunder will be divided among you. 2 I will gather all the nations to Jerusalem to fight against it; the city will be captured, the houses ransacked, and the women raped. Half of the city will go into exile, but the rest of the people will not be taken from the city. (NIVZech. 14:1-2)

C.            Isaiah tells us that when we truly realize the implications of the covenant curses at the end of the age, it will cause us “sheer terror” (Is. 28:19). The death and devastation that is going to come upon the nation in the last days is going to surpass anything they have ever known. However, as He has always done, God, in His faithfulness to Abraham, is going to call forth and preserve a believing remnant. Before the great and terrible day of the Lord, He will send Elijah the prophet (who is probably one of the “two witnesses” mentioned in Rev. 11) to the nation. Elijah will do great signs in their midst (Rev. 8, 11) and, as he did when he first came as a prophet to Israel, will “turn their hearts” of many back to the Lord (1 Ki. 18:37). Though the arrogant in the nation will be destroyed, the repentant will be spared.

1 For behold, the day is coming, burning like a furnace; and all the arrogant and every evildoer will be chaff; and the day that is coming will set them ablaze,” says the Lord of hosts, “so that it will leave them neither root nor branch.” 2 “But for you who fear My name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings; and you will go forth and skip about like calves from the stall. 3 “You will tread down the wicked, for they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day which I am preparing (Or when I act),” says the Lord of hosts. 4Remember the law of Moses My servant, even the statutes and ordinances which I commanded him in Horeb for all Israel. 5 “Behold, I am going to send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the Lord. “He will restore (Or turn) the hearts of the fathers to (Heb.ʿǎl, LXX pros) their children and the hearts of the children to their fathers, so that I will not come and smite the land with a curse (or “ban of destruction”; Heb. ḥē∙rěm – ban;  ESV – “with a decree of utter destruction”). (NASBMal. 4:1-6)

6 He will encourage fathers and their children to return to me, so that I will not come and strike the earth with judgment.” (NETMal. 4:6)

6“he will turn the hearts of the fathers together with those of the children [to me], and the hearts of the children together with those of their fathers [to me].” (NETMal. 4:6 [alternative rendering])

D.             By the end of the drama, there will be no unbelievers left. Those who repent before the return of Jesus will be part of the resurrection at the Second Coming (1 Th. 4). Others will repent and turn to the Messiah just after He returns (Zech. 12-14). When they do this, the curse of the Law will be removed, and the Jews will inherit the promises of their fathers. The rest will have been cut off from the land of the living in accordance with the curses of Deut. 28.

24…and Jerusalem will be trampled by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.(HCSBLk. 21:23-24)

For I do not want you failing to understand this mystery, brothers, lest you be “wise” in your own sight: a hardening in part has taken place in Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles commences (or comes in; Grk. eiserchomai—“enter,” or “go into”). And thus all Israel will be saved, just as it has been written: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, He will turn godlessness away from Jacob; and this will be My covenant with them”…“when I remove their sins.” (AuthorRom. 11:25-27)




Promises to Abraham and his “seed”  Pre-Exodus Exodus and Conquest of Canaan

The Kingdom of Israel


Age to Come



End of the Age
Great nation Lessons in bondage (Dt. 16:12) Israel formed as a distinct nation by God’s power Davidic Covenant;Golden Era under Solomon Believing remnant;

    One    New Man

Sanctified to rule in age to come

National repentance;Elijah;All Israel saved Israel Exalted as head of nations under the Messiah
Assembly of nations Gospel to the Gentiles; remnants of Gentiles grafted in Self-sacrificial witness to Israel Messiah’s bride from all nations assemble in Jerusalem
Families of the earth blessed in/through Abe and his seed e.g. Joseph Solomon – e.g. queen of Sheba Jewish apostles to GentilesGentiles receive the Spirit, therefore “in Christ” Gentile harvest Nations served by leadership of Israel and resurrected Gentiles
Made into nations, kings; father of nations Isaac, Ishmael, Keturah’s sons (cf. Is. 19:24) Davidic kings Seed sanctified in preparation to rule in age to come Seed sanctified in preparation to rule in age to come Seed sanctified in preparation to rule in age to come Resurrected Jews and Gentiles installed as kings over the earth
Seed multiplied Israel multiplies in Egypt Israel numerous Israel numerous Remnant saved, rest hardened (mystery) Seed multiplied as more Gentiles receive Spirit Seed multiplied as Jews and Gentiles repent and receive the Spirit Seed multiplied in the resurrection; all believing Jews raised, all believing Gentiles raised; non-resurrected Jews made fruitful
Land as an everlasting possession Patriarchs and families sojourning, no possession Israel occupies and possesses the land Israel occupies and possesses the land Israel exiled; believing remnant sanctified through suffering believing Gentiles join Israel in her exile; believing remnants sanctified through suffering Israel exiled again; believing Jews and Gentiles sanctified through suffering Resurrected Jews inherit the land; resurrected Gentiles inherit lands
Life in the resurrection Hallelujah!
Victory over enemies e.g. victory over the kings (Gen. 11) nations in Canaan Judges, David, etc. Persecution;bless enemies; the cross Persecution; bless enemies; the cross Persecution; bless enemies; the cross Exile ended, Messianic dominion



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Tim Miller (124 Posts)

Tim is founder of the Daniel Training Network. His passion is to see followers of Christ embrace a life of the cross. He, his wife Emily, and their four children itinerate regularly as part of their ministry, and are presently living in New Mexico.

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