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Jew/Gentile Relationship

Notes Outline
INTRODUCTION
JESUS' COMMISSION IN LIGHT OF THE DAY OF GOD
PAUL'S EXAMPLE OF SELF-DENIAL
PAUL'S EXHORTATION TO SELF-DENIAL
THE DISCIPLESHIP OF THE GENTILES
INTO THE JEWISH APOCALYPTIC NARRATIVE
WITH FEAR AND TREMBLING
WITH HOPE AND REJOICING

INTRODUCTION

23And he said to all, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. 24For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it. 25For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself? 26For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. (ESVLuke 9:23–26)

41Then he withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, knelt down, and began to pray, 42“Father, if you are willing, take this cup away from me—nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done.” 43Then an angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him. (CSBLuke 22:41–43)

JESUS' COMMISSION IN LIGHT OF THE DAY OF GOD

18And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me [to judge the living and the dead]. 19Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” (ESVMatt. 28:18–20)

PAUL'S EXAMPLE OF SELF-DENIAL

19For though I am free from all, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win more of them. 20To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to win Jews. . . . 22To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people, that by all means I might save some. 23I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I may share with them in its blessings. 24Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it. 25Every athlete exercises self-control in all things. They do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable. (ESV1 Cor. 9:19–27)

PAUL'S EXHORTATION TO SELF-DENIAL

30And as for us, why do we endanger ourselves every hour? 31I die every day—I mean that, brothers—just as surely as I glory over you in Christ Jesus our Lord. 32If I fought wild beasts in Ephesus for merely human reasons, what have I gained? If the dead are not raised, “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.” 33Do not be misled: “Bad company corrupts good character.” 34Come back to your senses as you ought, and stop sinning; for there are some who are ignorant of God—I say this to your shame. (NIV1 Cor. 15:30–34)

11For you know how, like a father with his children, 12we exhorted each one of you and encouraged you and charged you to walk in a manner worthy of God, who calls you into his own kingdom and glory. (ESV1 Thess. 2:11, 12)

THE DISCIPLESHIP OF THE GENTILES

INTO THE JEWISH APOCALYPTIC NARRATIVE

11I ask, then, have they stumbled so as to fall? Absolutely not! On the contrary, by their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel jealous. 12Now if their transgression brings riches for the world, and their failure riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their fullness bring! . . . 25I don’t want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers and sisters, so that you will not be conceited: A partial hardening has come upon Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion . . .” [Isa 59:20] (CSBRom 11:11, 12, 25, 26)

WITH FEAR AND TREMBLING

12Therefore, my dear friends, just as you have always obeyed, so now, not only in my presence but even more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. 13For it is God who is working in you both to will and to work according to his good purpose. 14Do everything without grumbling and arguing, 15so that you may be blameless and pure, children of God who are faultless in a crooked and perverted generation, among whom you shine like stars in the world, 16by holding firm to the word of life. Then I can boast in the day of Christ that I didn’t run or labor for nothing. (CSBPhil. 2:12–16)

WITH HOPE AND REJOICING

7Therefore accept one another, just as Christ also accepted you, to the glory of God. 8For I say that Christ became a servant of the circumcised on behalf of God’s truth, to confirm the promises to the fathers, 9and so that Gentiles may glorify God for his mercy. As it is written, “Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles, and I will sing praise to your name.” [Ps. 18:49] 10Again it says, “Rejoice, you Gentiles, with his people!” [Deut. 32:43] 11And again, “Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles; let all the peoples praise him!” [Ps. 117:1] 12And again, Isaiah says, “The root of Jesse will appear, the one who rises to rule the Gentiles; the Gentiles will hope in him.” [Isa. 11:1] 13Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as you believe so that you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit. (CSBRom. 15:7–13)