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THE FOURTH C: THE CROSS OF THE MESSIAH
THE SAVING ACTS OF GOD
TO ATONE FOR SIN
TO CONFIRM THE PROMISES

THE FOURTH C: THE CROSS OF THE MESSIAH

    1. “Shall I crucify your king?”

14 It was the day of Preparation of Passover Week, about the sixth hour. “Here is your king,” Pilate said to the Jews. 15 But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!” “Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked. “We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered. 16 Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. (NIVJn 19:14-16)

THE SAVING ACTS OF GOD

    1. “Repent and keep believing in the gospel”

15He said, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is near! Repent, and keep believing in the gospel!”(ISVMk 1:15)

  • 15 “The appointed time has been completed,” he declared, “and the Kingdom of God is drawing near! Repent and keeping putting your faith in the promises!” (BHTMk 1:15)

9 You who bring good tidings to Zion, go up on a high mountain. You who bring good tidings to Jerusalem (LXX ὁ εὐαγγελιζόμενος Ιερουσαλημ [ho evangelizomenos Yerousalēm]), lift up your voice with a shout, lift it up, do not be afraid; say to the towns of Judah, “Here is your God!” 10 See, the Sovereign Lord comes with power, and his arm rules for him. See, his reward is with him, and his recompense accompanies him. (NIVIs 40:9-10)

    1. “Revealed in the gospel are the very saving acts of God”

15 Jesus replied, “Let it be so now; it is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness.”  Then John consented. (NIVMt 3:15)

  • “All these refer to righteousness bestowed by God cp. ἡ δωρεὰ τῆς δ. Ro 5:17, also 1 Cor 1:30 (sim. 1QS 11, 9–15; 1QH 4, 30–37). In this area it closely approximates salvation (cp. Is 46:13; 51:5 and s. NSnaith, Distinctive Ideas of the OT ’46, 207–22, esp. 218–22; EKäsemann, ZTK 58, ’61, 367–78 [against him RBultmann, JBL 83, ’64, 12–16]).” (William Arndt, Frederick W. Danker, et al., A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000), 247).
  • 5O my people, remember now what King Balak of Moab devised, what Balaam son of Beor answered him, and what happened from Shittim to Gilgal, that you may know the saving acts [lit “the righteous acts”] of the Lord.”(NRSVMic 6:5) 

15“Let it be so now,” Jesus said to him in reply, “for such is right with regard to us, to accomplish every act of salvation.” (BHTMt 3:15)

16I’m not ashamed of the gospel, you see, because it is the very power of God, saving all who humbly place their faith in him—Jews first, and also Gentiles. 17Indeed, revealed in the gospel are the very saving acts of God (lit the righteousness of God), based on faith and leading to greater and greater faith. Just as it is written: “As for the righteous, it is by faith that he will save his life.” (BHTRm 1:16-17)

TO ATONE FOR SIN

    1. “Did not the Christ have to suffer…?”

25 He said to them, “How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?” 27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. (NIVLk 24:25-27)

44 He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.” 45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. 46 He told them, “This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. (NIVLk 24:46-47)

  • The Torah: Eg, Gn 3:15, 9:27, 12:1-3, 49:8-12; Ex 12:1-28; Lv 23:4-44; Nu 24:15-19; Dt 15:15-18, 16:1-8. Cf Jn 19:36; 1 Co 5:7.
  • The Prophets: Eg, Is 4:2, 7:14, 9:1-7, 11:1-6, 24:21-25, 28:16, 30:19-26, 42:1-7, 49:1-6, 50:4-9, 52:13-53:12, 55:3-5, 61:1-3, 63:1-6; Jr 23:5-6, 30:9, 30:21, 33:14-16; Ezk 17:22-24, 21:25-27, 34:23-31, 37:15-28; Dn 7:13-14, 9:24-27; Ho 3:4-5; Jl 2:23; Am 9:11-15; Mic 2:12-13, 5:1-4; Hg 2:6-9, 2:21-23; Ac 3:8-10, 6:9-15, 9:9-10, 10:4, 11:4-14, 12:10, 13:7; Ml 3:1, 4:2.
  • 5But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. (NIVIs 53:3)
  • The Psalms: Eg, Ps 2, 16, 22, 34, 40, 41, 45, 68, 69, 72, 109, 110, 118.

 “But do not think I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses, on whom your hopes are set. 46 If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. (NIVJn 5:45-46)

    1. “I have not come to do away with them”

“Don’t think that I’m here to do away with the Torah or the Prophets! I have come not to do away with them, but to make them fully known and carry them out.” (BHTMt 5:17)

  • Gk πληρόω [plēroō]; carry out, accomplish, bring to completion, fulfill; make fully known (cf, eg, ESV, HCSB, NRSV, RSV at Col 1:25, fully proclaim (cf, eg, HCSB, NIV, NRSV at Rm 15:19)
    1. “having been offered once to bear the sins of many”

28 so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him. (ESVHeb 9:28)

TO CONFIRM THE PROMISES

    1. “Through him the ‘Amen’ is spoken by us to the glory of God”

20 For no matter how many promises God has made, they are “Yes” in Christ. And so through him the “Amen” is spoken by us to the glory of God. 21 Now it is God who makes both us and you stand firm in Christ. He anointed us, 22 set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come. (NIV2 Cor 1:20-22)

    1. “We have the word of the prophets made more certain”

16 We did not follow cleverly invented stories when we told you about the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 17 For he received honor and glory from God the Father when the voice came to him from the Majestic Glory, saying, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” 18 We ourselves heard this voice that came from heaven when we were with him on the sacred mountain.19 And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. (NIV2Pt 1:16-19)

    1. “The Messiah became a servant of the circumcised on behalf of God’s truth”

Therefore accept (or welcome, or receive) one another, just as the Messiah also accepted you, to the glory of God. For I say that the Messiah became a servant of the circumcised on behalf of God’s truth (TEV – “to show that God is faithful”; NLT-“to show that God is true to the promises”), to confirm the promises to the fathers, and so that Gentiles may glorify God for His mercy. (HCSBRm 15:7-9)